Are Cryptocurrencies Taxed?


Cryptocurrencies have grown increasingly popular for their use as mediums of exchange, store of value, unit of account and even replacements for real currency. Advocates tout cryptocurrency’s decentralization and anonymity as major advantages; however, this doesn’t preclude federal tax authorities from keeping track of who earns what from cryptocurrency transactions and taxing accordingly.

Are Cryptocurrencies Taxed

The Internal Revenue Service considers cryptocurrency to be property rather than currency, so any earnings from its trade are taxed similarly to shares of stock. Your income tax bracket determines your tax rates on cryptocurrency profits while there are no special exemptions or deductions offered for their gains. When selling or trading cryptocurrencies, capital gains or losses will be recognized depending on its price at that moment and transaction type.

If you held cryptocurrency for more than a year and it appreciates in value, your short-term capital gains could be subject to ordinary income tax rates of up to 37 percent in 2023. If you held it less than that period, long-term capital gains rates that are lower will apply instead; and all rules regarding capital gains and losses apply equally across transactions with stocks, mutual funds and property assets – including cryptocurrency transactions.

Some investors can avoid paying taxes on their crypto investments by trading back to the original exchange where they initially acquired them. The wash-sale rule may allow this, but you shouldn’t abuse this loophole forever; as time progresses, the IRS is becoming better at matching wallet and exchange information and working with contractors like Chainalysis to combat tax fraud; starting in 2026, domestic exchanges must provide 1099 forms that provide details of your investment information and cost basis to the IRS.

While reading through my list, one phrase stood out – and that was “you must always remember…” There may be instances in which existing tax laws do not clearly apply to cryptocurrency transactions, yet the IRS has the power to address most of these matters and should do so as soon as possible to protect federal revenues and disprove false claims made by cryptocurrency enthusiasts. These steps include clarifying the definition of “broker”, as well as mandating crypto exchanges and wallet providers to report information essential for calculating taxable gains or losses – this may require congressional intervention in some instances. As cryptocurrency adoption increases, so too will its tax implications. Congress and the IRS must move swiftly to address current uncertainties and safeguard taxpayers against unintended repercussions, ensuring everyone who uses cryptocurrency responsibly can reap its benefits while upholding tax code integrity – something good for our nation as well as right.

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